After the 16th century, the Europeans brought the olive to the New World, and its cultivation began in Mexico, Peru, Chile and Argentina. They are grown under irrigation in the Cuyo region in Argentina which has a desert climate. They are also grown in the Córdoba Province, Argentina, which has a temperate climate with rainy summers and dry winters. The climate in Argentina changes the external characteristics of the plant but the fruit keeps its original features.
Some varieties grown are Arauco, Picual, Changleot Real, Arbequina.
Production 160,000 tons(2009 per FAOSTAT)
More information coming soon