Jordan

The olive tree is the most important fruit tree, by area grown in Jordan. It covers about 72% of the
total area planted with fruit trees and 36% of the total cultivated area. There are about 17 million
trees covering around 123,000 ha in the country, 81% of which are productive. The two main
producing areas are the western uplands (rain fed) in Irbid, Jerash, Ajloun, Salt, Amman, Karak
and Tafeileh Provinces, that represent about 76% of the total olive planted area and in the north
eastern (irrigated) area in the desert, which is about 24%. Jordan reached self-sufficiency in olive
and olive oil production in the year 2000 and was start exporting the surplus of olive oil which is
about 7-10,000 tons yearly. Olive fruit production reached about 162,000 tons in 2003, where 83%
of it was used for oil production, that gave about 25,000 tons.
The main native cultivars for dual purpose are Souri, Nabali and Rasie (Improved Nabali) and for
table use Nasouhi Jaba (Black) and Shami.

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