Olives occupy an important place in Lebanese agriculture. Close to 40% of all cultivation takes
place in North Lebanon, followed by 22% in the Nabatiyeh area. Mainly due to the uncertainty of
the climate and alternate bearing, there are large fluctuations in production from year to year. In
2004/2005 the area cultivated with olives was 57,594 ha with 142,684 MT of olives and 5,575 MT oil
production. Though accounting for only 2 to 3% of overall industrial output, it is one of the highestperforming
industries in the country. An estimated 30% of production is for fresh consumption, i.e.
table olives; whereas 70% is pressed into olive oil. In Lebanon the average consumption of oil per
capita is 2.5 kg.
The main cultivated varieties are the Soury, Baladi and Nabali. The nomination Baladi could include
many varieties such as Souri, Airouni, Chami, and Smakmaki.

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