Olive cultivation is one of the most important sectors in Palestinian agriculture. The area cultivated
with olives has increased during the last 7 years due to the destruction of citrus orchards, the better
adaptability of olives to the higher level of saline well water, the lower requirements of the tree and
its better returns for the farmer. In the Occupied Palestinian Territory, about 63.8% of the cultivated
area is occupied by fruit trees, of which 80.1% is under olive cultivation or 51% of the total cultivated
area. Olive groves in Gaza are mainly irrigated with high saline water especially from wells in the eastern part of Gaza.
Seeds of the Wild Baladi olive are used as rootstock.
Some of the varieties grown are Nepali Baladi (Souri), Shemlali, Nepali, Manzanillo and K18

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